The contemporary game of football has a long history, it had started since time immemorial. Football is also known as the ‘soccer’ in some part of the world. To give a direct answer as to when did football originated is very tough and complicated as it has lots of twist and turns with its origin of hundreds and thousands of years. Nobody can exactly claim as to who exactly discovered the game of football.
However, FIFA recognized a Chinese game ‘cuju’ as the first version of the game with its regular rules which existed in second and third centuries BC.
There are numerous references to traditional, ancient or prehistoric ball games played by indigenous people in many different parts of the world.
To give some instances that the game of football has its origins from different parts of the world, it is on record that in 1586, a few men commanded by an English explorer named John Davis, went ashore to play a form of football with Inuit people in Greenland. It is also well-documented that in 1610, William Strachey, a colonist at Jameston, Virginia recorded a game played by native Americans called Pahsaheman in which they are seen kicking and catching a ball made from the skins of animals.
Although there are number of games in various parts of the world that ancient people played a ball with their foot, they are not classed as a game of football but the main sources of modern football codes appear to lie in Western Europe, especially England.
The middle ages saw a huge rise in popularity of football throughout Europe, especially in England in the 9th century.
The early form of football played in England referred to as ‘mob football’ or ‘a party of boys, playing with ball’ would be played between neighboring villages and towns, involving an unlimited number of players on both sides who would clash to move an item made of inflated animal’s bladder.
It is noted that the first detailed description of what was certainly called football in England was given by William FitzStephen in about 1174-1183. He also described the game as the activities of London youths during the annual festival of Shrove Tuesday. Since then, most of the development and terms of the game have developed mostly from England to improve the level of their competition.
Attempts to Ban Football Game:
Football game being a very physical and its violent nature, there have always been clashes since ancient time.
There have been attempts to ban football game from the middle ages through the modern day. The first such incident happened in 1314 that they had to pass a law to ban the game which was lifted shortly and followed by more than 30 of those incidents in England alone between 13th to 16th century.
In early days footballs were made out of inflated animal bladders especially pig’s bladders. Later, to keep the shape of the balls leathers were introduced. However, in 1851 two shoe makers from a small town of Rugby in England exhibited round and oval-shaped balls at the Great Exhibition in England.
It is documented that the most remarkable turning point of the modern day football was developed by a U. S inventor Charles Goodyear who patented vulcanized rubber exhibited a spherical football with an exterior of vulcanized rubber panels at the Paris Exhibition Universelle.
Governing Body Of Football:
As the rise of the popularity of the game, the need for a single body to oversee the association football had become apparent in beginning 20th century with the popularity of international fixtures.
In 1904, the English Football Association proposed an international meeting to form an international body but only seven different associations from seven other European countries namely, Spain, Sweden, France, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland turned up to form an international association called The ‘Federation International de Football Association (FIFA)’ on 21st May, 1904 and elected Robert Guerin as its president.
Since the forming of the FIFA, it is the highest international body of football where they govern and regulate all football rules and regulations, leagues and elect its president and executive members of the body from time to time.
Under this governing football body i.e FIFA, the world’s biggest cup is held every 4 years, world’s greatest league is held every season of the year, every country’s league is govern by them and all important decision makings are decided under this organization.