Everyone who knows football, has played football or watched football knows the idea of how football is being played but the fact is that very few people know the in-depth rules of the game.
Football game can look to be a simple game that players on the soccer field have to run around after the ball and kick the ball but in reality the game is designed with many twists and turns, do’s and don’t’s. So to enjoy this beautiful game of football, knowing the rules and regulations of the game is a must for all the game lovers whether you are a player, spectator or a viewer.
Referee and linesmen.
Referee and linesmen usually consist of 5 people and they are also known as match officials. The main referee is the one who officiates the game, two officials are place at the sideline to assist the main referee and the other two to see the goal line.
They play the most important role in a football match. No official football match can be played without the match referee and linesmen as football being a very physical game, too much of physical contact in the game can turn out to be a very nasty consequence. So to judge, maintain and regulate the rules and regulations of the game, referee and linesmen need to be put in place.
Any official football match begins with a toss of coin. The match referee, linesmen and the captains from both the participating teams come together in a corner of the match field and have to toss a coin and whoever wins the toss gets to decide which side of the goal they want to attack and to defend in the first half of the match and loses the toss, gets to kick-off the game.
The match-toss is not just for the sake of tossing but to serve the purpose of fairness in the game just as the game referee and linesmen are there for. One such example is that, in every football field or any soccer pitch there is always another half of the pitch which gets more advantages and the other half gives disadvantages due to various reasons. Some of them could be direction of the wind blow, position of the Sun, location of the field etc. etc.
Once the game toss is over, all players have to be positioned in their respective positions, the two linesmen has to position themselves in each sideline and the other two at each goal line. The main referee place the ball in the middle point of the pitch and blows the whistle to kick off the match and so the team who loses the toss kick start the match.
Throw-in is a term use in football game when the match ball crosses or is kicked off the touch line during the game. So when a player kicks the match ball off the touch line of the pitch, the opponent team gets the chance to throw ball into the field again by using his hands and take the advantages for his team.
A player is said to be in offside position when he is in the opponents’ half line and behind the last defender without the ball. This rule is basically designed so as to make a player not to cherry-pick or bunch a lot of time near the opponents’ goal post.
Off-side is one of the most common offense committed in a football match. The match referee charges a player when he is in off-side position with the help of the linesmen.
Yellow Card Rules.
Yellow card is shown to a player by the match referee as a warning when he commits a foul to his opponent. If a player is shown the yellow card twice in a match then he has to be dismissed from the rest of the game time. Reasons for a referee to show the yellow card to a player:
1. When a player misbehaves on the pitch and disregarding the rules and regulations of the game during the match.
2. Plays rough and dangerous which can hurt his opponents.
3. A field player touching the ball with his hands intentionally or intentionally shooting the ball at players.
4. When a goalkeeper catches the ball with his hands outside of the penalty area.
5. Intentionally wasting the match time.
Red card is the ultimate judgment that the match officials give to a player. Reasons for a referee to give red card verdict to a player are shown below:
1. Red card is given to a player when he is shown the yellow card for the second time.
2. Physically kicking or hurting an opponent intentionally.
3. Charging the opponent too harshly.
4. When a field player catch the ball with his hands on the pitch.
When an attacking team player kicks the ball and the ball crosses the goal line but not into the goal, the defending team is awarded a goal kick so as to take the advantage of keeping the ball into their team possession
A corner kick is awarded to an attacking team when a defending team player touches the ball and crossed the goal line but not into the goal.
Indirect kicks are kicks which are taken just outside of the penalty area of the defending team. In this kick, the defending team is given the chance to stand a wall at a certain distance to block the ball from going inside of their goal.
This indirect kick is awarded to an attacking team when their opponent team player commits a foul just outside of their penalty area.
Penalty is a very exciting and indeed a very interesting call for both the contesting teams and even the spectators and viewers in a football game.
Penalty kick is awarded to an attacking team player when a defending team player commits a foul inside of their penalty area. To take a penalty kick, the match ball has to be placed on the penalty spot, the goalkeeper of the defending team has to stand at their goal line and usually the best player from the opponent team steps up and takes the kick.
Football Pitch/Soccer Ground.
Not all football pitches are similar in size but the most preferable size for professional football pitch is 105 by 68 meters i.e. 115 yd*75 yd